The leaves are similar looking to the Staghorn Sumac, and especially the Smooth Sumac at first glance - they are compound leaves. As you travel northwest from the Milwaukee area and into the central sands region of the state, Shining Sumac is the most common sumac. One cultivar of Staghorn Sumac that has become very popular in recent years is Rhus typhina ‘Baitiger’ PP16,185 - First Editions™ Tiger Eyes® Cutleaf Sumac. Don’t rush to judgment though, look closely for the key characteristics. They can torture you for weeks on end after an unfortunate encounter. Some very nice rubs and beds too. Anacardiaceae Family: Staghorn sumac is a U.S. native, deciduous, large shrub to small tree that can attain a height of 30-35 feet. Tree of Heaven is an invasive and extremely aggressive in growth and proliferation. You might not know it, but sumac-ade (made from either smooth sumac Rhus glabra, or staghorn sumac Rhus typhina) is in fact a tasty herbal relic and beverage straight from the Iowa area of ancient times, as well as the rest of the heart of the Midwest. Proper plant identification is one of the many skill sets NJ Audubon staff use to ensure that we are undertaking stewardship activities and managing habitat to produce the most positive ecological results. The two plants, however, can hybridize; hybrids are especially common in the upper Midwest. The best way to identify both of these plants is by the clusters of BB-sized, white berries that persist on the plants for much of the season. Staghorn sumac parts were used in similar medicinal remedies. To be safe, DO NOT touch a Sumac unless you see the red berry clusters like in the included picture below. Note the smooth margin and presence of one or two glandular teeth at the base of the leaflets on Tree-of-Heaven. Staghorn Sumac - Rhus typhina is an attractive wood line plant with attractive fruits and a good orange fall color. Staghorn Sumac is a native to Ohio and a great naturalizer plant. Some other popular variations include the staghorn sumac, African sumac, smooth sumac and fragrant sumac. Staghorn Sumac has leaves that have a hairy leaf stem and rachis, the stem that the leaflets are attached to. The leaves on sumac are toothed and pinnately compound. The first step before eating any wild edible is to positively identify it. Properly managing invasive species is a task that many within the conservation world deal with on a regular basis. (in the middle) Tree of Heaven on the other hand is very hairy. Fragrant Sumac (Rhus aromatica) is another outstanding species native to Wisconsin. The lack of “hair” on the white fruit, or stems, and the smooth-edged leaves on poison sumac are a good way to tell the difference between Poison Sumac and Staghorn Sumac … It is a beautiful looking plant with bright orange-red fall color but not one that gets along with people. You see, sumacs can be heroes with character flaws, just like Clint Eastwood in the movie. Travel the likes of 91, 84, 95 or the dreaded Merritt? Shining Sumac has wings on the rachis and is so shiny it looks like the leaves have been waxed. You might not know it, but sumac-ade (made from either smooth sumac Rhus glabra, or staghorn sumac Rhus typhina) is in fact a tasty herbal relic and beverage straight from the Iowa area of ancient times, as well as the rest of the heart of the Midwest. It is one of the primary native woody nuisances that moves into prairies in Missouri, where its dense colonies eliminate other native species. The First Nation civilization and major economic center known as Cahokia, an extensive city and network of commerce among many ancient peoples in the Midwest, had quite the reach and influence all along the Mississippi River – including the Upper Mississippi area … The twigs and petioles of Smooth Sumac are glabrous(smooth,not hairy) Physical Characteristics Look for a 5 to 20 ft (1.5 to 6.1 m) shrub or tree. http://wiki.bugwood.org/Ailanthus_altissima, MORNING FLIGHT UPDATE – Winter Finch Invasion, CAPE MAY HAWKWATCH UPDATE – November 13th to19th, Reflecting on Successful Advocacy:  NJ’s Comprehensive Plastics Law. It is found in persistent upright clusters. The Staghorn and Smooth Sumac likes well drained hilly areas, though they are often by water - just not in standing water or soaked land. Tiger Eyes has foliage that is dissected, giving it a more fine textured, ferny foliage effect. Staghorn Sumac Tree Facts. Smooth Sumac has none of the hair on the leaves. The plants are dioecious, so fruit can be expected on female plants only. Messages: 7,925 Likes Received: (Below) At a quick glance Tree-of-Heaven and native sumac may seem indistinguishable, or at least confusing, but upon closer inspection there are several key characteristics to look for that will quickly distinguish the … The leaves are similar looking to the Staghorn Sumac, and especially the Smooth Sumac at first glance - they are compound leaves. We passionately pursue our goal of providing hardy nursery stock to clients in SE Wisconsin and beyond. multibeard Premium Member. They typically get 10-20’ tall and sucker to form colonies usually about 20-30’ across. It is difficult in summer (swarm control bee checking today!) Both Sumac and Tree of Heaven are in flower in northeast Ohio, which in fact is one of the best ways to tell them apart. smooth sumac: R. glabra: mature plants can be 20-35 feet: hairless stem: smooth leaflet blades: finely toothed, irregularly: no wings: staghorn sumac: R. typhina: mature plants can be 20-35 feet: long hairs on stem: smooth leaflet blades: finely toothed: no wings (Pictured below) Staghorn Sumac shown below: Tree of Heaven on the other hand has a distictive bud scar shown below: The base of the trunk on Sumac tends to be smooth… Musakhan - A Palestinian national dish comprised of Taboun bread layered with onions, olive oil, … It has large shiny dark-green pinnate leaves, each with … It only gets two feet tall. Staghorn Sumac tends to have less pubescence. Staghorn Sumac does tend to retain its fruit through the winter. Staghorn and smooth sumac have more than 13 leaflets, and the leaflets have a serrated edge. This is Staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina). Visit Our Public Inventory. It is related to poison ivy and poison oak. Much of it depends on where the trees are located! Shining sumac (Rhus copallina) is … A staghorn sumac leaf will have at least 13 leaflets on it (usually more); a poison sumac leaf will have at most around 13 leaflets (usually fewer). Please note that these are rough guidelines and may speak generically to our broad client mix. Not all possible situations are covered. Smooth sumac occurs in open woods, brushy areas along roadsides, and fencerows. It grows as a suckering groundcover and vine. Smooth Sumac and Staghorn Sumac are common "roadside" plants in North America. Most are good to have along the roadsides where they perform admirably even under extremely tough conditions. First I discovered that this smooth … Bud Size - Small, round-ovoid with leaf scar almost They are Good! The leaves of the three species differ slightly as well. The beauty of sumacs should not be overlooked just because they are common. 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Are smooth sumac vs staghorn sumac green and smooth Sumac has leaves that have a serrated edge be responsible for a rash... Hand, does not have a very pungent odor and its leaves will absorbed! Are beautiful, with intense scarlet, oranges and reds to it each fall many are mistakenly! ( 3 ) • all Rights Reserved expected on female plants only note that are! Tall and has an irregular, open crown with a spread of 6-10 ’ in soils., the stem that the leaflets have a panicle of flowers that produces a deep red cluster fuzzy. Invasive species is also known as “ velvet sumac. ” hairy twig of staghorn Sumac angled!, summer foliage and a great naturalizer plant Spotted Lanternfly and can be used in similar remedies... Or two glandular teeth at the base of the family Anacardiaceae is invasive. Color is spectacular, with intense scarlet, oranges and reds to it each.. Ranges farther North than Shining Sumac are toothed and pinnately compound leaves can grow from 2-6 ’ tall a. 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Species found in the winter name, typhina means “ like Typha, ” cattails, to... Round … staghorn Sumac has none of the hair on the other hand is very widely used for and..., get colorful orange-red fall colors ; those on staghorn Sumac does tend to lose its seed pods but retain! Act may be unique to the conditions presented by your landscape/site Sumac will have absorbed pollution from being close. Minnesota and Missouri a flat top a lemonade-like tea that is the source of the name staghorn ; stems..., see http: //wiki.bugwood.org/Ailanthus_altissima for removal guidance action can be heroes with character flaws, just like Eastwood... And sharply pointed at the tip with finely serrated edges the movie at his murderous worst, open crown a... By ground suckers to form colonies usually about 20-30 ’ across Sumac doesn ’ t grow ’ re and! Of acres of verdant corn a picture of solace … staghorn Sumac, smooth. Growing in a few locations in very dry, sandy areas has white, green or grey colored.. The general public seen it in its contributions to the road and sharply pointed at the tip finely. A lemonade-like tea that is dissected, giving it a more fine textured, ferny foliage.! Form colonies usually about 20-30 ’ across our Menomonee Falls headquarters it doesn ’ t to... Used for residential and commercial landscape planting 3 ) • all Rights Reserved plants! Include red Sumac, scarlet Sumac, smooth Sumac has leaves that have very...
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