16. Billions of dollars is spent every year fighting fires in the United States. In WWI, three Army nurses were cited with the Citation Star for their bravery in attending to wounded service personnel while under artillery fire in July 1918. Archaeologists Have Just Discovered An Ancient Trojan City In Greece. Not with power, but with booze. Greek fire was instrumental during the First Arab Siege of Constantinople between 674 and 678, when it helped repel the Muslim ships that surrounded the city. Hestia was the goddess of the hearth, maintaining the fire of the gods. This incendiary weapon certainly greatly contributed to a number of Byzantine military victories, and some people have likened it to the atom bomb, suggesting that just as the atom bomb was the most devastating weapon of the second millennium, Greek fire was the most effective and terrifying of the first. Some P-63s did serve in the American military – as training aids for pilots headed overseas. Erebus and Nyx Myths and Stories The surviving myths of Vulcan […] Greek fire was created for naval warfare, so the Byzantines could set their enemies’ ships on fire. The early history of Jeff Bezos and Amazon: TIMELINE, PHOTOS ... History of Google's new NYC property, Chelsea Market - Business ... History Of Nike: Facts About Its 50th Anniversary - Business Insider, The secret history of McDonald's Filet-O-Fish - Business Insider, How the Persian Immortals became masters of psychological warfare, Four exotic weapons that will make you rethink ancient warfare, That time a Marine general led a fictional Iran against the US military – and won. He was also the god of metalworking, forges, and craftsmanship. There is one of these at Olympia and at Delphi, where she was also associated with the omphalos stone, marking the navel of the world. His power was assumed to be the force behind destructive conflagrations and volcanic eruptions. Hephaestus is considered to be the child of Zeus and … During a rebellion early in the empire’s history, Emperor Anastasios I fired it on his own soldiers to quell the uprising. Hephaestus Interesting Facts: Peculiar Birth. Just like how Lincoln catapulted bullies left and right. It has the diameter at 1 meter. Prometheus is also associated with fire, and is represented by a torch. Stalin was known for eliminating all traces of those who fell out of his good side, or whom he no longer had use for, Yezhov included. While investigating two of the major fires on Peloponnese, Greek officials arrested a 26-year old farmer on suspicion of arson. Malt syrup was not an illegal substance, but it was the key ingredient to make beer at home. Humans today live in the Iron Age. In some accounts, he was said to be the son of Zeus and Hera; in others, he was the son of Hera alone, conceived in order to get back at Zeus for bringing forth Athena. How did we get from Hades, Greek god of the underworld, to Pluto?Well, according to Cicero, Hades had a bunch of epithets (pretty common for an ancient god), which included "Dis," or "the rich," in Latin; in Greek, that translated to "Plouton. Greek fire, a composition Partington believes was made of a distilled petroleum fraction and other ingredients (but not saltpetre), was most famously used in the sieges of Constantinople and the Crusades. Prohibition | Definition, History, Eighteenth Amendment, & Repeal ... That time a drunk Richard Nixon tried to nuke North Korea, That time Nixon wanted Commies to think he was crazy enough to nuke them, Summers and Swan’s book “The Arrogance Of Power: The Secret World Of Richard Nixon,”, This app lets you see the destructive power of nukes on your hometown, Watch this Marine describe his personal battle at Tarawa, Troops headed to the beaches sometimes had to get out of their amphibious vehicles and wade through chest-deep water to the beaches under fire, capture the island so well defended that the Japanese boasted, Abraham Lincoln challenged US troops to this strength test, known for his strength and wrestling prowess, This American President started his day in the most veteran way possible, Top 10 most intense battles in US history, 10 Things You May Not Know About Abraham Lincoln - HISTORY, Abraham Lincoln: Portrait of a Crazy Badass | Cracked.com, Abraham Lincoln the Athlete - Abraham Lincoln's Classroom. Greek Fire was an incendiary weapon developed by the Byzantines in the 7th century and was impervious to water. The facts about Hephaestus provides a list detailing fascinating additional info to increase your knowledge about Hephaestus in Greek Mythology. Some engaged in a boisterous, days-long party, but others couldn’t believe it was over and continued fighting out of shock and disbelief. Hand-picked for the first cosmonaut detachment in 1960, Nelyubov was a star choice for space flight for being “a remarkable person, an excellent pilot, a sportsman…”. After a long shift, troops have the option to relax by kicking off their boots and cracking open a beer. This mountain was then and remains one of the most active volcanoes in the world. He landed in the history books. (Painting by Jason Heuser – SharpWriter on DeviantArt). The loophole in the law was the ‘manufacture, sale, and transportation of intoxicating liquors,’ not consumption, which is an important distinction if you’re dodging an NJP. The Hephaisteion, or the Temple of Hephaestus and Athena Ergane, is the best preserved Greek temple in the world. Troops headed to the beaches sometimes had to get out of their amphibious vehicles and wade through chest-deep water to the beaches under fire. Greek fire was not the first incendiary weapon in the ancient world. Baggett’s B-24 was hit numerous time in its fuel tanks and Baggett and his crew were forced to bail out. On Nov. 12, 1918, the Guardian reported that Londoners and Allied soldiers heard the news just before 11 a.m. Very often, they couldn’t manage such a stunt. Fat chance. However, in 2007, it was discovered that the nurses never received their awards. It was legal to drink alcohol that was purchased prior to the 18th Amendment, in the privacy of your own home. He studied their tactics and instructed his men on how to counter their advances. However, as a result of some miscommunication on tactical military defense at the Zunyi Conference during the Long March, Bo Gu was criticized for “serious partial political mistakes” and replaced in command by Zhang Wentian in 1935. Here are 5 facts about Greek fire to set your curiosity alight. Little is known about his life, and the one book he apparently wrote is lost. HOT RECEPTION — The Byzantine Empire’s most terrifying weapon had to be Greek fire — a flammable oily mixture that was projected onto enemy ships and soldiers. They can make themselves invisible to humans and move to any place in a very short amount of time. Even the imperial capital of Constantinople was not safe. Hestia was the goddess of the hearth, home, architecture, domesticity, family, and the state. It had the ability to keep burning while on water. There is one of these at Olympia and at Delphi, where she was also associated with the omphalos stone, marking the navel of the world. Illustration depicting use of Greek Fire. What was supposed to be a tough but short battle where the Marines would quickly win became some of the bloodiest 76 hours in American history as obstacles on the approach and determined Japanese defenders made the Marines bleed for every bit of sand. Numerou… Goebbels (second from right) appears with Adolf Hitler and others at the home of film maker Leni Riefenstahl in 1937. The "liquid fire" was hurled on to the ships of their enemies from siphons and burst into flames on contact. For this, he needed a trusty ax – a tool with which he would become an expert user. Others, like the artillerymen near U.S. Army Col. Thomas Gowenlock, just kept fighting. After that moment, Alexander swore to the destruction of Persia. First heard this song in the Big Hero 6 trailer :) I do not own the song or the image used. On the backside, the reserve has the inscription, “For Gallantry in Action.” The ribbon measures 1 3/8 inches wide and has a 5.6mm wide Old Glory Red stripe in the center, proceeding outward pairs of white and ultramarine blue. In the year 1203, during the Fourth Crusade, the Crusaders put Constantinople under siege. He was known to even challenge them to the display of strength he was about to put on for the Petersburg, Va. hospital patients and their visitors. Its precise chemical composition was a closely held secret that has been lost to history. His skills with an ax would come in handy later, as his reputation as a free laborer (as opposed to, say, a slave) catapulted him to the White House in 1860. As such, it was often used in naval battles. The precise components of the liquid were a closely-guarded secret and the formula has long been lost but a light petroleum or naphtha is one known and vital ingredient, probably acquired from the Crimea region. The relatively flat island gave defensive machine gun positions wide fields of fire and favored the defender. > What is the colour of Greek fire? It was during this time that Walgreens happily contributed to providing people with the medicine they so desperately needed in those trying times. If you think that sounds stupid, go read about what they actually believe. Our only weakness!” – Some Egyptian, probably. He said he saw the Japanese pilot’s body thrown clear of the downed plane and that the pilot was killed by a bullet to the head, not the plane crash. 51 Immortal Facts About The Greek Gods, History’s Most Iconic Pantheon Kyle Climans. Monica Lin Brown received the Silver Star for her extraordinary heroism as a medic in the War in Afghanistan. But Melton himself was killed on a ship that was sunk as it headed toward Japan. Democratic Sen. Tammy Baldwin of Wisconsin says the monument will create a “teachable moment” for people to understand the story of pilots and crew members. The Kingcobra also was able to carry up to three 500-pound bombs or drop tanks. The Forge of Vulcan, by Diego Velázquez. It’s not easy to remove a person from history, but brutal leaders throughout history have erased some of their formerly close advisors. “Cats! Troops returning from the European theater had a valuable head start to legally purchase as many bottles as they could before Prohibition came into effect. He is the son of Jupiter and Juno, and the husband of Venus. Heraclitus, Greek philosopher remembered for his cosmology, in which fire forms the basic material principle of an orderly universe. It was an incendiary weapon “Greek fire” was actually a liquid mixture, one so flammable that supposedly it could even catch fire spontaneously. The Byzantine Navy used pumps to project Greek fire at enemy ships. The bat like-wings are spotted on the depiction of the European dragons. Pilots Association is paying for the gods Union soldiers read or write, and the Purple Heart also. 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